Linux Advocacy

Firstly note that this page is *not* designed to be any of the following;

What is is envisaged to be is a resource for the 'Soon-to-be' Linux user or 'Newbie' who needs help in the transition from another OS or platform to Linux. So this will include, but not be limited to;

Where can I get Linux ?

There are a large number of Linux distributions. Each has their own advantages and key factors that make it different from others. Some people prefer easy to install, simple distributions such as RedHat ( http://www.redhat.com ), Mandrake ( http://www.mandrakelinux.com/ ), SuSE ( http://www.suse.com ), Lycoris ( http://www.lycoris.com/ ) and others. Some people prefer other, arguably more secure and stable distributions like Debian ( http://www.debian.org/ ). Which one should you use? That's a tricky question to answer. Most people try a couple of distributions before settling on one.

If you have a fast internet connection and a cd-burner you could download the ISO images from http://www.linuxiso.org/ and write them to CDRs. Downloading the ISO images is fine from a licensing point of view. Linux is free from licenses which prevent you from copying the CDs. If you know someone who has Linux, you could ask them to make a copy for you.

Alternatively you can buy the CDs from one of the many /LinuxShops.

Another option would be to attend one of the HantsLUG meets and bring along your PC to have it 'readjusted'.

Is Linux free ?

If you mean "free from nasty licenses keys and controls" the answer is "yes". If you mean "do i need to spend money to buy a copy of Linux" then the answer is generally "no".

Can I try linux without losing my Windows applications ?

Sure. There are a number of Linux distributions which boot from CD, and do not touch your hard disk. This is great for playing with Linux for the first time. One example is Knoppix ( http://www.knoppix.net ). You can download the CD image from their website, or from http://www.linuxiso.org/. Alternatively find someone who has a copy of Knoppix and ask them to make a copy for you (possibly in return for a blank CDR or two for their trouble).

You can try cygwin ( http://www.cygwin.com/ ), which in their own words is "... is a Linux-like environment for Windows". Also you could try coLinux ( http://www.colinux.org/ ), which allows you to install any version of Linux you like under Windows. Of the two, cygwin is more mature.

There used to be a project known as "Lin4Win" that was provided by Mandrake.

Windows Equivalents

Here follows a non-comprehensive list of Windows based applications and some Linux based equivalents (also see SoftwareReviews). The really different thing about Linux is that you don't have to hunt these applications down in tucows etc - they are all there for free. How you install them will depend on your distribution and your Internet connection. See LinuxHints/ManagingPackages for details.

Windows Product

Linux Equivalent

Review

Description

Adobe Photoshop

The Gimp

 

The Gnu Image Manipulation Program Worth also getting 'grokking-the-gimp' http://gimp-savvy.com/BOOK/ to help the transition with this package.

Adobe GoLive

 

 

 

Nero / Easy CD Creator

cdrecord

 

This is a command line driven utility for burning CDs.

 

Xcdroast

 

Xcdroast is a graphical frontend to cdrecord. This makes it easier to burn CDs.

 

k3b

 

KDE graphical CD burner. Very similar to Windows programs you may have used. Also rips CDs to Ogg, MP3 and FLAC.

Microsoft Frontpage / Dreamweaver

Quanta

 

 

 

NVU

 

 

Microsoft Internet Explorer

Mozilla

SoftwareReviews/Web#Mozilla

 

 

Mozilla Firefox

SoftwareReviews/Web#Firefox

Derived from Mozilla, Firefox has a smaller footprint than its parent.

 

Netscape

SoftwareReviews/Web#Netscape

 

 

Konqueror

SoftwareReviews/Web#Konqueror

Part of KDE, a fast loading general purpose browser.

 

Galeon

SoftwareReviews/Web#Galeon

 

 

lynx

SoftwareReviews/Web#Lynx

Browsing on a budget! Lynx (and links) are text-based. Very useful to enable searching the web for help when the graphical environment isn't available!

 

Links

SoftwareReviews/Web#Links

 

 

Dillo

SoftwareReviews/Web#Dillo

 

Getright / Go!zilla

wget

 

Commandline web/ftp fetcher; allows you to script/schedule/continue downloads and recursively download whole websites

Microsoft Office

[[OpenOffice.org]]

 

 

 

Siag Office

 

 

 

Star Office

 

 

 

Koffice

 

 

Word

AbiWord

 

 

 

Kword

 

 

Excel

KSpread

 

 

PowerPoint

KPresenter

 

 

Microsoft Outlook

Evolution

 

 

 

Pine

 

Pine is a fast, easy to use, text-based mail client. Very useful on small systems where no GUI is required or available.

 

Mutt

 

 

 

Thunderbird

 

 

 

Kmail

 

 

Lotus Organiser

KOrganizer

 

 

Microsoft Visio

dia

 

 

 

xfig

 

 

MIRC

XChat

 

 

 

bitchx

 

 

 

KSirc (part of kdenetwork)

 

 

 

Irssi

 

 

MSN / ICQ / AIM / Yahoo

Kopete

 

 

 

Gaim

 

Gaim supports many protocols, so you can chat to your friends on MSN, ICQ, AOL, Yahoo and others

Windows Update

apt, aptitude, dpkg, dselect (Debian)

 

The apt based utilities allow for very easy installation, upgrade and removal of software packages on Debian based systems.

 

apt-rpm, rpm, up2date ([[RedHat)]]

 

 

 

emerge sync & --update world ([[GentooDistribution)]]

 

 

Winamp

xmms

 

Very similar to Winamp, xmms has the ability to play most major audio formats. It also supports skins and plugins a-la winamp.

 

noatun

 

KDE/Arts music player. Supports Winamp and K-Jofol skins through included plugins.

Microsoft Windows Media Player

xine

 

 

 

kaffeine

 

KDE GUI for xine

 

MPlayer

 

 

 

freevo

 

Freevo is an ongoing development to create TiVo-like functionality on a PC.

Symantec PCAnywhere / Microsoft Terminal Services / Remote Desktop Connection

vnc

 

(Unencrypted) desktop serving protocol with server, native and java clients.

 

TightVNC

 

Creator of "Tight" encoding.

 

Ultr@VNC

 

Has Tight encoding, eSVNC compatible file transfer, and fancy video hooks for Windows 2K/XP

 

TridiaVNC

 

Has Zlib and Tight encoding

 

rdesktop

 

Connects to Windows Terminal Servers

 

tsclient

 

GTK frontend for rdesktop and VNC

 

krdc - part of kdenetwork

 

KDE VNC/RDP client

Games

 

 

 

Running Genuine Windows Software

Wine (Wine Is Not [an] Emulator) is a bit of software for Linux that can be used to run (some) genuine Windows applications on x86-compatible processors. Wine is still in development. As a result a lot of software still doesn't work. However development is ongoing, and a large library of software does work under wine. Wine can be obtained from http://www.winehq.com/ .

LinuxHints/LinuxAdvocacy (last edited 2005-02-17 00:14:15 by 81)